Culture and Heritage
Spain is a country with a huge cultural heritage composed of almost 20,000 important monuments scattered all over the territory. Spanish culture encompasses the most varied forms of expression, from literature to art and including music, architecture and film.
In literature, authors like Cervantes, Bécquer, Lope de Vega, Baroja, García Lorca and Calderón de la Barca have taken the Spanish language to its greatest heights. In art, we can highlight such major Spanish painters as Goya, El Greco, Velázquez and Zurbarán in classical art, and Dalí, Picasso, Sorolla and Miró in contemporary times. Much of their work can be seen at the Prado Museum and the Reina Sofía Museum, both in Madrid.
Similarly, in the different Wine Routes of Spain you can visit places of great cultural value: the Roman landscape of Las Médulas (El Bierzo), the city of San Cristóbal de La Laguna(Tacoronte-Acentejo), Jerez Cathedral (Marco de Jerez), the Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba(Montilla-Moriles), the River Vero Cultural Park (Somontano), the villages of Don Quixote(La Mancha Wine Walks), etc. You can also take in impressive historical and artistic heritage on the Navarre, Penedès, Ribera del Duero and Utiel-Requena routes. The many surviving archaeological remains and mediaeval constructions show the strong influence on our culture of the different peoples who inhabited the Iberian Peninsula over the centuries.
It is precisely these peoples who, between 3,000 and 4,000 B.C. inaugurated our wine production. However on several occasions the many wars that ravaged the peninsula throughout history destroyed the vine plantations, and it was not until the nineteen-fifties that the wine industry in Spain was able to experience a definitive resurgence.
Nowadays, a strong wine culture has become consolidated in Spain, and is present in practically every aspect of our everyday lives. In fact, the term “Spanish wine” is used to refer both to the product itself and to diverse social events, including the act of toasting. Wine is also used to accompany the food in tapas bars, and has famously become thecentral element of various tourist routes.
In a word, Spain as a country is closely linked to the fascinating culture of wine…